基于数据失真的雷达通信一体化OFDM波形设计方法

刘燕 万显荣 易建新

刘燕, 万显荣, 易建新. 基于数据失真的雷达通信一体化OFDM波形设计方法[J]. 雷达学报(中英文), 2024, 13(1): 160–173. doi: 10.12000/JR23205
引用本文: 刘燕, 万显荣, 易建新. 基于数据失真的雷达通信一体化OFDM波形设计方法[J]. 雷达学报(中英文), 2024, 13(1): 160–173. doi: 10.12000/JR23205
LIU Yan, WAN Xianrong, and YI Jianxin. OFDM waveform design for joint radar-communication based on data distortion[J]. Journal of Radars, 2024, 13(1): 160–173. doi: 10.12000/JR23205
Citation: LIU Yan, WAN Xianrong, and YI Jianxin. OFDM waveform design for joint radar-communication based on data distortion[J]. Journal of Radars, 2024, 13(1): 160–173. doi: 10.12000/JR23205

基于数据失真的雷达通信一体化OFDM波形设计方法

doi: 10.12000/JR23205
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(61931015, 62071335, 62250024),湖北省自然科学基金创新群体项目(2021CFA002),中央高校自主科研项目(2042022dx0001)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘 燕,博士生,主要研究方向为新体制雷达信号处理、雷达通信一体化信号设计等

    万显荣,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为新体制雷达设计,如外辐射源雷达、高频超视距雷达系统及信号处理

    易建新,博士,副研究员,主要研究方向为外辐射源雷达信号处理、目标跟踪和信息融合

    通讯作者:

    万显荣 xrwan@whu.edu.cn

  • 责任主编:刘凡 Corresponding Editor: LIU Fan
  • 中图分类号: TN958

OFDM Waveform Design for Joint Radar-communication Based on Data Distortion

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (61931015, 62071335, 62250024), The Innovation Group Project of Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province (2021CFA002), The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (2042022dx0001)
More Information
  • 摘要: 正交频分复用(OFDM)波形设计是实现雷达通信一体化的物理层关键技术之一。OFDM波形通常存在峰均功率比(PAPR)高,以及波形自相关旁瓣电平高的问题。该文针对现有联合降低PAPR和自相关旁瓣方法存在的通信速率下降问题,提出了一种基于数据失真的一体化波形设计方法。该文还将通信数据的误差矢量幅度作为优化目标之一,降低了数据失真引起的通信误码率。首先,构建了PAPR约束下最小化积分旁瓣比和误差矢量幅度的优化模型。其次,根据调制星座图特点,通过外围星座调制的数据失真和所有调制数据失真,将多目标高维非凸优化问题转化为两个单目标优化子问题,分别采取凸松弛操作和交替方向乘子法(ADMM)求解简化后的子问题,得到低积分旁瓣比波形和PAPR约束下的低误差矢量幅度波形。仿真结果表明该方法设计的一体化波形可满足PAPR要求,同时具有良好的感知和通信性能。

     

  • 图  1  雷达通信一体化系统模型

    Figure  1.  The joint radar-communication system model

    图  2  雷达通信一体化信号结构

    Figure  2.  The signal structure for joint radar-communication system

    图  3  外围星座调制数据可扩展区域(16QAM)

    Figure  3.  Extended region of outer constellation modulation data (16QAM)

    图  4  数据失真引入的噪声频域分布

    Figure  4.  The frequency domain distribution of noise induced by data distortion

    图  5  不同方法的PAPR性能对比

    Figure  5.  The comparison of PAPR performance between different methods

    图  6  本文方法的收敛性能

    Figure  6.  The convergence performance of the proposed method

    图  7  不同方法的归一化周期自相关幅度对比

    Figure  7.  The comparison of normalized periodic autocorrelation amplitudes using different methods

    图  8  ISLR均值与迭代次数的关系

    Figure  8.  The relationship between the average ISLR and iteration times

    图  9  功率放大器输入输出特性

    Figure  9.  Input and output characteristics of power amplifiers

    图  10  不同方法的目标检测概率

    Figure  10.  Target detection probability of different methods

    图  11  不同方法的BER性能对比

    Figure  11.  The comparison of BER performance between different methods

    图  12  不同方法的频域波形

    Figure  12.  Frequency domain waveforms of different methods

    1  基于数据失真的一体化OFDM波形设计次优算法

    1.   A suboptimal algorithm for integrated OFDM waveform design based on data distortion

     1. 输入:X, $ {{\boldsymbol{S}}_{\text{D}}} $, $ {{\boldsymbol{S}}_{{\text{Out}}}} $, $ {N_{{\text{int}}}} $, $ {K_{{\text{Out}}}} $, $ {K_{\text{D}}} $, $ {\alpha _1} $, $ {\alpha _2} $, $ \beta $, $ \rho $
     2. 初始化:$ {{\boldsymbol{U}}^0} = {{\bf{0}}^{N \times 1}} $, $ {{\boldsymbol{V}}^0} = {{\bf{0}}^{LN \times 1}} $
     优化变量$ {{\boldsymbol{C}}_{{\text{Out}}}} $:
     3. 计算$ {\left| {\left( {{\boldsymbol{X}} + {{\boldsymbol{C}}_{{\mathrm{Out}}}}} \right)} \right|^{{\text{2,sub}}}} $,通过$ \left\| {{{\boldsymbol{F}}^{\text{H}}}{\boldsymbol{X}}} \right\|_2^2 $近似$ r\left( 0 \right) $,解问题(13);
     4. 计算${\boldsymbol{\hat x}}_{{\text{Out}}}^{{\text{sub}}}$,通过式(14)在集合$\varOmega $中搜索;
     优化变量$ {{\boldsymbol{C}}_{\text{D}}} $:
     5. for $ {k_{\text{D}}} = 0,1,\cdots,{K_{\text{D}}} - 1 $
     6.  更新$ {\boldsymbol{C}}_{\rm D}^{{k_{\rm D}} + 1} $,通过式(23)和式(24)解式(21);
     7.  更新$ {\boldsymbol{\bar x}}_L^{{k_{\rm D}} + 1} $,通过式(31)和式(32)解式(25);
     8.  更新$ {\boldsymbol{U}}_{}^{{k_{\rm D}} + 1} $,通过式(19);
     9.  更新$ {\boldsymbol{V}}_{}^{{k_{\rm D}} + 1} $,通过式(20);
     10. end for
     11. 输出:优化后的一体化波形$ {\boldsymbol{\bar x}}_L^{{\text{sub}}} $,通过式(33)。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  1  仿真参数

    Table  1.   Simulation parameters

    参数 数值
    OFDM符号数 2000
    OFDM子载波数N 512
    保护带宽的空子载波数 50
    CP长度${N_{{\text{CP}}}} $ 128
    数据子载波调制方式 16QAM
    感兴趣距离单元数${N_{{\text{int}}}} $ 100
    功率约束$ {\alpha _1} $ 2
    功率约束$ {\alpha _2} $ 0.12
    PAPR约束$ \beta $ 5 dB
    惩罚参数$ \rho $ 200
    备选信号个数$ {K_{{\text{Out}}}} $ 100
    ADMM迭代次数$ {K_{\text{D}}} $ 10
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同方法的ISLR均值(dB)

    Table  2.   The average ISLR of different methods (dB)

    方法 ISLR
    原始信号 9.00
    ICF方法 9.14
    New-ICF方法 9.12
    ACE方法 9.42
    TR-LNCA方法 8.23
    本文方法 7.12
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-10-20
  • 修回日期:  2023-12-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-01-09
  • 刊出日期:  2024-02-28

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