一种离散谱掩护信号波形设计与生成方法

唐江澜 刘甲磊 马佳智 施龙飞 关一夫

唐江澜, 刘甲磊, 马佳智, 等. 一种离散谱掩护信号波形设计与生成方法[J]. 雷达学报, 2023, 12(6): 1275–1289. doi: 10.12000/JR23137
引用本文: 唐江澜, 刘甲磊, 马佳智, 等. 一种离散谱掩护信号波形设计与生成方法[J]. 雷达学报, 2023, 12(6): 1275–1289. doi: 10.12000/JR23137
TANG Jianglan, LIU Jialei, MA Jiazhi, et al. Discrete spectrum cover signal waveform design and generation method[J]. Journal of Radars, 2023, 12(6): 1275–1289. doi: 10.12000/JR23137
Citation: TANG Jianglan, LIU Jialei, MA Jiazhi, et al. Discrete spectrum cover signal waveform design and generation method[J]. Journal of Radars, 2023, 12(6): 1275–1289. doi: 10.12000/JR23137

一种离散谱掩护信号波形设计与生成方法

doi: 10.12000/JR23137
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(62171447)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    唐江澜,硕士生,主要研究方向为雷达波形设计与处理、雷达电子防御

    刘甲磊,硕士,讲师,主要研究方向为雷达电子防御

    马佳智,博士,副研究员,主要研究方向为雷达极化信息处理、雷达电子防御、精确制导技术

    施龙飞,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究方向为雷达、电子防御、防空反导等领域军事理论与技术

    关一夫,博士,工程师,主要研究方向为分布式探测技术、雷达电子防御

    通讯作者:

    刘甲磊 liujialei@nudt.edu.cn

  • 责任主编:崔国龙 Corresponding Editor: CUI Guolong
  • 中图分类号: TN958

Discrete Spectrum cover Signal Waveform Design and Generation Method

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (62171447)
More Information
  • 摘要: 射频掩护是最早的雷达主动抗干扰措施之一,其通过在雷达脉冲信号之前发射不同频率的掩护脉冲来诱导敌方干扰机,实现抗干扰。近年来,随着抗干扰需求更加迫切,射频掩护技术进一步发展,最具代表性的是采用非连续谱信号作为掩护信号,但掩护信号的能量利用率仍存在提升空间。针对此问题,该文在非连续谱掩护信号基础上提出了一种离散谱掩护信号,建立了恒模和频谱幅度联合约束下的波形设计优化问题,通过交替向量乘子法以及频谱塑形算法求解,生成频谱离散、能量聚集的掩护信号。仿真结果表明,在能量和带宽相同的情况下,离散谱掩护信号相比于非连续谱掩护信号具有更高的频谱幅度,提升5~12 dB;在能量相同,频谱幅度接近的情况下,离散谱掩护信号能覆盖更大的频谱范围,实现了更好的抗干扰掩护效果。

     

  • 图  1  频域协同波形功率配置原理示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic of frequency domain cooperative waveform power configuration principle

    图  2  非连续谱掩护信号与离散谱掩护信号对比图

    Figure  2.  Comparison of discontinuous spectrum cover signal and discrete spectrum cover signal

    图  3  离散谱掩护波形频谱示意图

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of the discrete spectrum cover waveform spectrum

    图  4  离散谱信号频谱塑形

    Figure  4.  Discrete spectrum signal spectrum shaping

    图  5  干扰信号频谱分布示意图

    Figure  5.  Schematic of the interference signal spectrum distribution

    图  6  带宽相同时两信号频谱对比

    Figure  6.  Comparison of two signal spectra at the same bandwidth

    图  7  带宽不同时两信号频谱对比

    Figure  7.  Comparison of two signal spectra with different bandwidths

    图  8  通带内频谱功率差值随谱线间隔占带宽百分比的变化趋势

    Figure  8.  Trend of spectral power difference in the passband with the percentage of spectral line spacing over the bandwidth

    图  9  离散谱掩护信号通带起伏方差随波纹控制项变化趋势

    Figure  9.  Trend of discrete spectrum cover signal passband undulation with ripple control term

    图  10  离散谱掩护信号通带平均幅度随波纹控制项变化趋势

    Figure  10.  Trend of discrete spectrum cover signal passband average amplitude with ripple control term

    图  11  窄带探测信号和宽带掩护信号的频谱对应关系(探测信号与掩护信号有效辐射功率之比为1:4)

    Figure  11.  Spectral correspondence of narrowband detection signal and broadband cover signal (the ratio of detection signal to cover signal power is 1:4)

    图  12  窄带探测信号和宽带掩护信号的频谱对应关系(探测信号与掩护信号有效辐射功率之比为1:1)

    Figure  12.  Spectral correspondence of narrowband detection signal and broadband cover signal (the ratio of detection signal to cover signal power is 1:1)

    图  13  噪声调频干扰频谱图

    Figure  13.  Noise FM jamming spectrum diagram

    图  14  噪声调频干扰场景下R-D图对比

    Figure  14.  Comparison of R-D diagram under noise FM jamming scenarios

    图  15  组合干扰频谱图

    Figure  15.  Combined interference spectrum diagram

    图  16  组合干扰场景下R-D图对比

    Figure  16.  Comparison of R-D diagram under combined interference scenarios

    1  恒模约束下离散谱波形设计算法

    1.   Discrete spectrum waveform design algorithm under constant modulus constraint

     输入:R, y
     初始化: $ {{\bar {\boldsymbol{a}}}}(0),{\boldsymbol{\bar x}}(0),{{\boldsymbol{\bar f}}_p}(0),{{\boldsymbol{\lambda}} _1}(0),{{\boldsymbol{\lambda}} _{2,p}}(0) $
     1:for $t = 0,1, \cdots ,{N_{{\text{iter}}}}$,其中 ${N_{{\text{iter}}}}$为预先设定的最大迭代次数。
     2: 更新 ${\boldsymbol{\bar a}}(t + 1)$: $ {\boldsymbol{\bar a}}(t + 1) = - \dfrac{1}{2}{\boldsymbol{R}}_1^{ - 1}{{\boldsymbol{d}}_1}(t + 1) $
     3: 更新 ${\boldsymbol{\bar x}}(t + 1)$: $ \left[ {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} {{{\bar x}_k}} \\ {{{\bar x}_{k + K}}} \end{array}} \right] = - \dfrac{{\left[ {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} {{d_{2,k}}(t + 1)} \\ {{d_{2,k + K}}(t + 1)} \end{array}} \right]}}{{\left\| {\left[ {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} {{d_{2,k}}(t + 1)} \\ {{d_{2,k + K}}(t + 1)} \end{array}} \right]} \right\|}},\;k = 0,1, \cdots, K - 1 $
     4: 更新 ${{\boldsymbol{\bar f}}_p}(t + 1)$: $ {\bar {\boldsymbol{f}}_p}(t + 1) = \left\{ \begin{aligned} & {\dfrac{{\sqrt {(U + L)/2 + r} }}{{\left\| {{{{{\stackrel \frown{\boldsymbol f} }}}_p}(t + 1)} \right\|}}{{{{\stackrel \frown{\boldsymbol f} }}}_p}(t + 1),{\text{ }}\left\| {{{{{\stackrel \frown{\boldsymbol f} }}}_p}(t + 1)} \right\| \ge \sqrt {(U + L)/2 + r} } \\ & {\dfrac{{\sqrt {(U + L)/2 - r} }}{{\left\| {{{{{\stackrel \frown{\boldsymbol f} }}}_p}(t + 1)} \right\|}}{{{{\stackrel \frown{\boldsymbol f} }}}_p}(t + 1),{\text{ }}\left\| {{{{{\stackrel \frown{\boldsymbol f} }}}_p}(t + 1)} \right\| \le \sqrt {(U + L)/2 - r} } \\ & {{{{{\stackrel \frown{\boldsymbol f} }}}_p}(t + 1),{\text{ }}\sqrt {(U + L)/2 - r} < \left\| {{{{{\stackrel \frown{\boldsymbol f} }}}_p}(t + 1)} \right\| < \sqrt {(U + L)/2 + r} } \end{aligned} \right. $
     5: 更新 $ {{\boldsymbol{\lambda}} _1}(t + 1) $, $ {{\boldsymbol{\lambda}} _{2,p}}(t + 1) $: $ {{\boldsymbol{\lambda}} _1}(t + 1) = {{\boldsymbol{\lambda}} _1}(t) + \rho ({\boldsymbol{\bar x}} - {\boldsymbol{\bar V\bar a}}) $
                     $ {{\boldsymbol{\lambda}} _{2,p}}(t + 1) = {{\boldsymbol{\lambda}} _{2,p}}(t) + \rho ({{\boldsymbol{\bar f}}_p} - {{\boldsymbol{\bar v}}_p}{\boldsymbol{\bar a}}),p = 1,2, \cdots ,P $
     6:end 当 $t = {N_{{\text{iter}}}}$或同时满足 $\left\| {{\boldsymbol{\bar x}}(t + 1) - {\boldsymbol{\bar V\bar a}}(t + 1)} \right\| < {\delta _1}$, $ \left\| {{{{\boldsymbol{\bar f}}}_p}(t + 1) - {{{\boldsymbol{\bar v}}}_p}{\boldsymbol{\bar a}}(t + 1)} \right\| < {\delta _2} $
     7:对得到的时域序列 ${\boldsymbol{\bar x}}$进行频谱塑形
     8:for $t = 0,1, \cdots ,{N_{{\text{iter}}}}$,其中 ${N_{{\text{iter}}}}$为预先设定的最大迭代次数
     9: 更新 $ {\boldsymbol{\theta}} (t + 1) $: $ {\boldsymbol{\theta}} (t + 1) = \arg \{ {{\boldsymbol{F}}^{\text{H}}}{\boldsymbol{x}}\} $
     10: 更新 ${\boldsymbol{x}}(t + 1)$: $ {\boldsymbol{x}}(t + 1) = {{\text{e}}^{{\text{j}}\arg ({\boldsymbol{F}}({\boldsymbol{y}}{{\text{e}}^{{\text{j}}{\boldsymbol{\theta}} }}))}} $
     11:end 当 $t = {N_{{\text{iter}}}}$或 $ \left\| {{{\boldsymbol{F}}^{\text{H}}}{\boldsymbol{x}} - {\boldsymbol{y}}{{\text{e}}^{{\text{j}}{\boldsymbol{\theta}} }}} \right\|_2^2 < {\delta _3} $时,获得波形序列x
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  1  评价指标

    Table  1.   Evaluation Indicators

    指标 符号 计算公式
    通带平均幅度 $ {A_{{\rm{fw}}}} $ $ {A_{{\rm{fw}}}} = \displaystyle\sum\nolimits_{p = 1}^P {\left\| {{{\boldsymbol{f}}_p}} \right\|/P} $
    阻带最大幅度 $ {\epsilon}_{1} $ $ {\epsilon}_{1}=\underset{s}{\mathrm{max}}\Vert {f}_{s}\Vert $
    通带起伏度 ${\sigma ^2}$ ${\sigma ^2} = {\displaystyle\sum\nolimits_{p = 1}^P {(\left\| {{{\boldsymbol{f}}_p}} \right\| - {A_{{\rm{fw}}}})} ^2}/P$
    消耗干扰资源比例 $\eta $ $\eta = {W_{{\text{waste}}}}/{W_{{\text{all}}}}$
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  掩护信号参数

    Table  2.   Cover signal parameters

    参数 数值
    离散谱掩护信号带宽( ${\text{MHz}}$) $ [50{\text{ 200}}] $
    离散谱掩护信号时宽( ${\text{μs}}$) $ 25 $
    离散谱掩护信号阻带区域( ${\text{MHz}}$) 25~30
    离散谱掩护信号谱线间隔(MHz) 0.5
    非连续谱掩护信号带宽(MHz) 50
    非连续谱掩护信号时宽(μs) 25
    非连续谱掩护信号阻带区域(MHz) 25~30
    采样率(MHz) 600
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  发射信号参数

    Table  3.   Transmit signal parameters

    参数 数值
    载频( ${\text{GHz}}$) 1
    时宽( $ {\text{μs}} $) $ 25 $
    脉冲重复间隔( $ {\text{μs}} $) $ 100 $
    采样率( ${\text{MHz}}$) ${\text{600}}$
    脉冲个数 $50$
    离散谱掩护信号带宽( ${\text{MHz}}$) ${\text{200}}$
    非连续谱掩护信号带宽( ${\text{MHz}}$) ${\text{50}}$
    窄带信号带宽( ${\text{MHz}}$) ${\text{5}}$
    探测信号与掩护信号有效辐射功率之比 1:4
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  抗干扰场景参数

    Table  4.   Anti-interference scene parameters

    参数 数值
    目标距离( ${\text{km}}$) $10$
    目标速度( ${\text{m/s}}$) $60$
    干信比( ${\text{dB}}$) $45$
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  抗干扰场景参数

    Table  5.   Anti-interference scene parameters

    参数 数值
    目标距离( ${\text{km}}$) $10$
    目标速度( ${\text{m/s}}$) $60$
    干扰假目标距离( ${\text{km}}$) ${\text{9}}{\text{.8}}$
    干扰假目标速度( ${\text{m/s}}$) $62$
    切片时长( $ {\text{μs}} $) 1
    转发次数 5
    干信比( ${\text{dB}}$) ${\text{30}}$
    灵巧干扰中噪声信号带宽( ${\text{MHz}}$) $10$
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-28
  • 修回日期:  2023-10-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-11-09
  • 刊出日期:  2023-12-28

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