Volume 9 Issue 5
Oct.  2020
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Article Contents
CHEN Xiaolong, CHEN Weishi, RAO Yunhua, et al. Progress and prospects of radar target detection and recognition technology for flying birds and unmanned aerial vehicles[J]. Journal of Radars, 2020, 9(5): 803–827. doi: 10.12000/JR20068
Citation: CHEN Xiaolong, CHEN Weishi, RAO Yunhua, et al. Progress and prospects of radar target detection and recognition technology for flying birds and unmanned aerial vehicles[J]. Journal of Radars, 2020, 9(5): 803–827. doi: 10.12000/JR20068

Progress and Prospects of Radar Target Detection and Recognition Technology for Flying Birds and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (in English)

doi: 10.12000/JR20068
Funds:  The National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (U1933135, 61871391, 61931021), Key Research and Development Program of Shandong (2019GSF111004), Fundamental Strengthening Technology Program (2102024), Foundation of the Equipment development of the “13th Five-Year Plan” (61404130212)
More Information
  • Corresponding author: CHEN Xiaolong, cxlcxl1209@163.com
  • Received Date: 2020-05-27
  • Rev Recd Date: 2020-06-16
  • Available Online: 2020-07-02
  • Publish Date: 2020-10-28
  • Flying birds and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are typical “low, slow, and small” targets with low observability. The need for effective monitoring and identification of these two targets has become urgent and must be solved to ensure the safety of air routes and urban areas. There are many types of flying birds and UAVs that are characterized by low flying heights, strong maneuverability, small radar cross-sectional areas, and complicated detection environments, which are posing great challenges in target detection worldwide. “Visible (high detection ability) and clear-cut (high recognition probability)” methods and technologies must be developed that can finely describe and recognize UAVs, flying birds, and “low-slow-small” targets. This paper reviews the recent progress in research on detection and recognition technologies for rotor UAVs and flying birds in complex scenes and discusses effective detection and recognition methods for the detection of birds and drones, including echo modeling and recognition of fretting characteristics, the enhancement and extraction of maneuvering features in ubiquitous observation mode, distributed multi-view features fusion, differences in motion trajectories, and intelligent classification via deep learning. Lastly, the problems of existing research approaches are summarized, and we consider the future development prospects of target detection and recognition technologies for flying birds and UAVs in complex scenarios.

     

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