合成孔径雷达干扰技术研究综述

李永祯 黄大通 邢世其 王雪松

李永祯, 黄大通, 邢世其, 等. 合成孔径雷达干扰技术研究综述[J]. 雷达学报, 2020, 9(5): 753–764. doi: 10.12000/JR20087
引用本文: 李永祯, 黄大通, 邢世其, 等. 合成孔径雷达干扰技术研究综述[J]. 雷达学报, 2020, 9(5): 753–764. doi: 10.12000/JR20087
LI Yongzhen, HUANG Datong, XING Shiqi, et al. A review of synthetic aperture radar jamming technique[J]. Journal of Radars, 2020, 9(5): 753–764. doi: 10.12000/JR20087
Citation: LI Yongzhen, HUANG Datong, XING Shiqi, et al. A review of synthetic aperture radar jamming technique[J]. Journal of Radars, 2020, 9(5): 753–764. doi: 10.12000/JR20087

合成孔径雷达干扰技术研究综述

doi: 10.12000/JR20087
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(61971429, 61901499)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李永祯(1977–),男,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究方向为极化雷达与电子对抗。E-mail: e0061@sina.com

    黄大通(1993–),男,博士研究生,主要研究方向为合成孔径雷达信号处理与对抗

    邢世其(1984–),男,副研究员,主要研究方向为极化雷达成像、雷达信号处理以及合成孔径雷达对抗

    王雪松(1972–),男,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为极化雷达、目标识别与电子对抗

    通讯作者:

    李永祯 e0061@sina.com

    黄大通 huangdatong68@163.com

  • 责任主编:周峰 Corresponding Editor: ZHOU Feng
  • 中图分类号: TN95

A Review of Synthetic Aperture Radar Jamming Technique

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (61971429, 61901499)
More Information
  • 摘要: 合成孔径雷达(SAR)是一种全天候、全天时、具备高分辨率的成像设备,被广泛应用于对敌侦察,为战场决策提供及时可靠的情报支持。如何压制和扰乱SAR设备的成像侦察,实现对高价值目标和要地的有效防护,已成为当前电子对抗领域的研究热难点之一。该文探讨了SAR干扰的技术进展和发展趋势,首先详细梳理了SAR干扰技术的发展脉络,然后结合仿真实验对比分析了典型SAR干扰样式的优缺点,最后总结了现有SAR干扰技术存在的不足,并指出其未来发展趋势,可为专家学者提供一定的参考。

     

  • 图  1  典型SAR-GMTI观测结果

    Figure  1.  The typical SAR-GMTI observation results

    图  2  典型SAR干扰样式

    Figure  2.  The typical SAR jamming models

    表  1  典型干扰样式对比分析

    Table  1.   The comparison of typical jamming models

    干扰样式干扰效果所需侦察参数优点缺点
    噪声干扰能量压制目标回波,
    破坏成像质量
    1.信号载频
    2.信号带宽
    1.侦察参数依赖小
    2.应用范围广
    功率需求大,易暴露干扰机位置
    卷积式欺骗干扰虚假目标或场景1.截获SAR信号
    2.平台高度
    3.平台速度
    4.脉冲重复频率
    5.信号波长
    可产生高逼真点、面欺骗和场景
    欺骗
    1.算法计算量大,实时性较差
    2.侦察参数依赖性较高
    间歇采样转发干扰距离向或方位向等间距
    虚假点目标串
    1.截获雷达信号
    2.信号时宽
    1.侦察参数依赖小,实时性高
    2.假目标数目和间距灵活可变
    3.解决了干扰机天线收发隔离问题
    1.假目标规律性强,易被识别
    2.干扰时间利用率较低
    3.易受占空比影响
    散射波干扰虚假点、面目标欺骗或
    场景压制
    截获SAR信号侦察参数依赖小,执行简单能量利用率低,不易进入雷达主瓣
    移频干扰虚假点目标欺骗或
    压制条带、压制面
    1.截获SAR信号
    2.调频斜率
    3.信号带宽
    可掩护分布式面目标和大场景侦察参数依赖性较高
    运动调制干扰方位向压制线或等间距
    虚假点目标串
    1.截获SAR信号
    2.信号载频
    3.平台速度
    4.平台高度
    1.压制线的长度可变
    2.虚假点目标的间距和数量可变
    1.压制面小,难以掩护面目标
    2.假目标规律性太强,易被识别
    灵巧噪声干扰压制条带、压制面或密集
    假目标压制
    1.截获SAR信号
    2.平台速度
    3.信号波长
    4.平台高度
    5.调频斜率等
    1.调制方式灵活
    2.干扰效果多样
    以压制效果为主,难以形成面目标和场景欺骗
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-06-30
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