X波段雷达对海探测试验与数据获取

刘宁波 董云龙 王国庆 丁昊 黄勇 关键 陈小龙 何友

刘宁波, 董云龙, 王国庆, 等. X波段雷达对海探测试验与数据获取[J]. 雷达学报, 2019, 8(5): 656–667. doi: 10.12000/JR19089
引用本文: 刘宁波, 董云龙, 王国庆, 等. X波段雷达对海探测试验与数据获取[J]. 雷达学报, 2019, 8(5): 656–667. doi: 10.12000/JR19089
LIU Ningbo, DONG Yunlong, WANG Guoqing, et al. Sea-detecting X-band radar and data acquisition program[J]. Journal of Radars, 2019, 8(5): 656–667. doi: 10.12000/JR19089
Citation: LIU Ningbo, DONG Yunlong, WANG Guoqing, et al. Sea-detecting X-band radar and data acquisition program[J]. Journal of Radars, 2019, 8(5): 656–667. doi: 10.12000/JR19089

X波段雷达对海探测试验与数据获取

doi: 10.12000/JR19089
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(61871392, 61531020, 61871391),中国博士后科学基金(2017M620862)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘宁波(1983–),男,海军航空大学信息融合研究所副教授、博士,主要研究方向为雷达信号智能处理、海上目标探测技术。E-mail: lnb198300@163.com

    董云龙(1974–),男,海军航空大学信息融合研究所副教授、博士,主要研究方向为多传感器信息融合。E-mail: china_dyl@sina.com

    王国庆(1980–),男,海军航空大学信息融合研究所讲师、博士,主要研究方向为雷达数据高速采集与实时处理。E-mail: gqwang80@163.com

    丁 昊(1988–),男,海军航空大学信息融合研究所讲师、博士,主要研究方向为海杂波特性认知与抑制、海杂波中目标检测。E-mail: hao3431@tom.com

    通讯作者:

    刘宁波 lnb198300@163.com

    董云龙 china_dyl@sina.com

  • 责任主编:许述文 Corresponding Editor: XU Shuwen
  • 中图分类号: TN959

Sea-detecting X-band Radar and Data Acquisition Program (in English)

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (61871392, 61531020, 61871391), The China Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (2017M620862)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    LIU Ningbo(1983–), PhD, is an associate professor at Information Fusion Institute, Naval Aviation University, focusing on intelligent signal processing, radar target detection within sea clutter, radar experiment, and detection performance evaluation. His work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation (NSFC) and the China Postdoctoral Foundation. He won first prize in the Provincial and Ministerial Science and Technology Progress Award. E-mail: lnb198300@163.com

    DONG Yunlong(1974–), PhD, is a professor at the Information Fusion Institute, Naval Aviation University. His research interest is multi-sensor information integration. E-mail: china_dyl@sina.com

    WANG Guoqing(1980–), PhD, is a lecturer at the Information Fusion Institute, Naval Aviation University, focusing on high-speed acquisition and real-time processing of radar data. E-mail: gqwang80@163.com

    DING Hao(1988–), PhD, is an associate professor at the Information Fusion Institute, Naval Aviation University. His research interests are recognition and suppression of sea clutter and target detection in sea clutter. E-mail: hao3431@tom.com

    Corresponding author: LIU Ningbo, lnb198300@163.comDONG Yunlong, china_dyl@sina.com
  • 摘要: 针对雷达对海上目标探测技术研究的数据需求以及目前公开的雷达对海探测数据缺乏的问题,该文提出一项“雷达对海探测数据共享计划”,旨在利用X波段固态全相参雷达等多型雷达开展对海探测试验,获取不同海况、分辨率、擦地角条件下目标和海杂波数据,并同步获取海洋气象水文数据、目标位置与轨迹的真实数据,实现雷达实测数据的标准化、规范化管理,推进数据集公开共享,服务于海杂波特性研究,有力地支持海杂波抑制和目标检测技术研究。

     

  • 图  1  不锈钢球定标体

    Figure  1.  Stainless steel ball calibration body

    图  2  X波段固态功放监视/导航雷达

    Figure  2.  X band solid-state power amplifier surveillance/navigation radar

    图  3  组合脉冲发射的3种模式

    Figure  3.  Three modes of combined pulse emission

    图  4  对海探测试验点1俯瞰图

    Figure  4.  Aerial view of experimental site 1 for sea detection

    图  5  对海探测试验点2俯瞰图

    Figure  5.  Aerial view of experimental site 2 for sea detection

    图  6  对海探测试验点3俯瞰图

    Figure  6.  Aerial view of experimental site 3 for sea detection

    图  7  直升机载试验平台

    Figure  7.  Helicopter experimental platform

    图  8  HD-LD-CJ-10型便携式采集设备

    Figure  8.  HD-LD-CJ-10 portable acquisition equipment

    图  9  雷达采集数据格式

    Figure  9.  Format of radar acquisition data

    图  10  试验海域气象水文数据

    Figure  10.  Meteorological and hydrological datas of the experimental sea area

    图  11  海洋气象水文信息浮标

    Figure  11.  Marine meteorological and hydrological information buoy

    图  12  典型测量数据展示结果

    Figure  12.  The results of typical measurements

    1  雷达对海探测数据发布地址

    1.  Release address of sea-detecting radar data

    图  1  Stainless steel ball calibration body

    图  2  X-band solid-state power amplifier surveillance/ navigation radar

    图  3  Three modes of combined pulse emission

    图  4  Aerial view of experiment site 1 for sea detection

    图  5  Aerial view of experiment site 2 for sea detection

    图  6  Aerial view of experiment site 3 for sea detection

    图  7  Helicopter experimental platform

    图  8  HD-LD-CJ-10 portable acquisition equipment

    图  9  Format of radar acquisition data

    图  10  Meteorological and hydrological data of experimental sea area

    图  11  Marine meteorological and hydrological information buoy

    图  12  Results of typical measurements

    1  Release address of sea-detecting radar data

    表  1  X波段试验雷达参数

    Table  1.   X-band experimental radar parameters

    技术指标 参数
    工作频段 X
    工作频率范围 9.3~9.5 GHz
    量程 0.0625~96 nm
    扫描带宽 25 MHz
    距离分辨率 6 m
    脉冲重复频率 1.6 K, 3 K, 5 K和10 K
    发射峰值功率 50 W
    天线转速 2 rpm, 12 rpm, 24 rpm, 48 rpm
    天线长度 1.8 m
    天线工作模式 凝视、圆周扫描
    天线极化方式 HH
    天线水平波束宽度 1.2°
    天线垂直波束宽度 22°
    下载: 导出CSV

    1  雷达对海探测数据(第1期)概况表

    1.   Summary table of sea-detecting radar data (the first phase)

    序号 海况等级 数据量 雷达天线工作模式 发射脉冲模式 区域AIS数据 气象水文数据 擦地角(°)
    1 1级及以下 >10组 凝视、扫描 模式2 0.3~15
    2 2级 >10组 凝视、扫描 模式2 0.3~15
    3 3级 >10组 凝视、扫描 模式2 0.3~15
    4 4级 >10组 凝视、扫描 模式2 0.3~15
    5 5级 >5组 凝视、扫描 模式2 0.3~15
    注:①每天AIS数据形成一个表格格式文件,提供船只MMSI、时间、经纬度等信息;②每天气象水文数据形成一个nc格式文件,提供风速/风向/浪高/浪向/浪周期信息;③凝视模式下一组数据包含的脉冲数不低于105个;扫描模式下一组数据包含一个完整的扫描周期;④发射脉冲模式2,对应每个重复周期雷达相继发射一个单载频脉冲和一个LFM脉冲。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  1  X-band experimental radar parameters

    Parameters Technical indexes
    Operating frequency X
    Scope of operating frequency 9.3-9.5 GHz
    Range 0.0625-96 nm
    Scanning bandwidth 25 MHz
    Range resolution 6 m
    Pulse repetition frequency 1.6 K, 3 K, 5 K & 10 K
    Emission peak power 50 W
    Revolving speed of antenna 2rpm, 12 rpm, 24 rpm, 48 rpm
    Length of antenna 1.8 m
    Operating mode of antenna Gazing & circular scanning
    Polarization mode of antenna HH
    Width of horizontal beam of antenna 1.2°
    Width of vertical beam of antenna 22°
    下载: 导出CSV

    1  Summary table of sea-detecting radar data (the 1st phase)

    No. Grade of sea conditions Data size Working mode of radar antenna Transmission pulse mode Regional AIS data Meteorological and
    hydrological data
    Grazing angle (°)
    1 Grade 1 and below >10 Groups Staring & scanning Mode 2 Yes Yes 0.3–15
    2 Grade 2 >10 Groups Staring & scanning Mode 2 Yes Yes 0.3–15
    3 Grade 3 >10 Groups Staring & scanning Mode 2 Yes Yes 0.3–15
    4 Grade 4 >10 Groups Staring & scanning Mode 2 Yes Yes 0.3–15
    5 Grade 5 >5 Groups Staring & scanning Mode 2 No Yes 0.3–15
    Notes: ① Daily AIS data will be generated into a table format, which provides MMSI of ships, time, longitude and latitude, and others. ② Daily meteorological and hydrological data will be generated into an NC-format file, which indicates wind speed, wind direction, wave height, and cycle. ③ The number of pulses contained in a group of data under staring mode will not be less than 105, while a group of data under scanning mode contains a complete scanning cycle. ④ Under transmission pulse mode 2, radars of each corresponding repetition cycle will transmit a single-carrier frequency pulse and an LFM pulse.
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-09-29
  • 修回日期:  2019-10-13
  • 网络出版日期:  2019-10-01

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