Volume 8 Issue 6
Dec.  2019
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DING Chibiao, QIU Xiaolan, XU Feng, et al. Synthetic aperture radar three-dimensional imaging ——from TomoSAR and array InSAR to microwave vision[J]. Journal of Radars, 2019, 8(6): 693–709. doi: 10.12000/JR19090
Citation: DING Chibiao, QIU Xiaolan, XU Feng, et al. Synthetic aperture radar three-dimensional imaging ——from TomoSAR and array InSAR to microwave vision[J]. Journal of Radars, 2019, 8(6): 693–709. doi: 10.12000/JR19090

Synthetic Aperture Radar Three-dimensional Imaging——From TomoSAR and Array InSAR to Microwave Vision (in English)

doi: 10.12000/JR19090
Funds:  The Major Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China “Research on SAR Microwave Vision Three-Dimensional Imaging Theory and Application Fundation”(61991420, 61991421)
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  • Author Bio:

    DING Chibiao received a B.S. and Ph. D. degree in electronics engineering from Beihang University, Beijing, China, in 1997. Since 1997, he has been with the Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, where he is currently a Research Fellow and the Vice Director. His research interests include advanced synthetic aperture radar systems, signal processing technology, and information systems. E-mail: cbding@mail.ie.ac.cn

    QIU Xiaolan received a B.S. degree in electronic engineering and information science from the University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China, in 2004, and a Doctoral degree in signal and information processing from the Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, in 2009. Since 2009, she has been with the Institute ofElectronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing. Her research interests include synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging and geo-correction, SAR simulation, and SAR image interpretation. She currently serves as an Associate Editor for the IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS. E-mail: xlqiu@mail.ie.ac.cn

    XU Feng (S’06–M’08–SM’14) received a B.E. degree (Hons.) in information engineering from Southeast University, Nanjing, China, in 2003, and a Ph.D. degree (Hons.) in electronic engineering from Fudan University, Shanghai, China, in 2008. From 2008 to 2010, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow with the NOAA Center for Satellite Application and Research (STAR), Camp Springs, MD. From 2010 to 2013, he was with Intelligent Automation Inc., Rockville, while partly working for the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, as a Research Scientist. In 2013, he joined Fudan University, where he is currently a professor with the School of Information Science and Technology. E-mail: fengxu@fudan.edu.cn

    LIANG Xingdong received a Ph.D. degree from the Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China, in 2001. Since 2002, he has been with the Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, where he is currently a Professor of the Science and Technology on Microwave Imaging Laboratory. His research interests include real-time radar signal processing, coherent polarimetric and interferometric SAR systems. E-mail: xdliang@mail.ie.ac.cn

    JIAO Zekun received a B.S. degree in electronic engineering and information science from the University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China, in 2014, and a Doctoral degree in signal and information processing from the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, in 2019. Since 2019, he has been with the Institute ofElectronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing. His research interests include synthetic aperture radar (SAR) 3D imaging. E-mail: zkjiao@mail.ie.ac.cn

    ZHANG Fubo received a Ph.D. degree from the Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China, in 2015. Since 2015, he has been with the Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Science. His research interests include synthetic aperture radar tomography. E-mail: zhangfubo8866@126.com

  • Corresponding author: DING Chibiao, cbding@mail.ie.ac.cn; QIU Xiaolan, xlqiu@mail.ie.ac.cn
  • Received Date: 2019-09-30
  • Rev Recd Date: 2019-11-04
  • Available Online: 2019-11-25
  • Publish Date: 2019-12-01
  • Synthetic Aperture Radar three-dimensional (SAR 3D) imaging technology can eliminate severe overlap in 2D images, and improve target recognition and 3D modeling capabilities, which have become an important trend in SAR development. After decades of development of SAR 3D imaging technology, many types of 3D imaging methods have been proposed. In this study, the history of SAR 3D imaging technology is systematically reviewed and the characteristics of existing SAR 3D imaging technology are analyzed. Given that the 3D information contained in SAR echo and images is not fully used by existing techniques, a new concept of SAR microwave vision 3D imaging has been proposed for the first time. This new concept is integrated with microwave scattering mechanism and image visual semantics to realize three-dimensional reconstruction, which form the theory and method of SAR microwave vision 3D imaging and can achieve high-efficiency and low-cost SAR 3D imaging. This study also analyzes the concept, goal and key scientific problems of SAR microwave vision 3D imaging and provides a preliminary solution, which will contribute in several ways to our understanding of SAR 3D imaging and provide the basis for further research.

     

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